Tuesday, 31 December 2019

OVERVIEW OF INDONESIA

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Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world. Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands, of which only about 7,000 inhabited islands. Kalimantan, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra, and Papua are the main islands in Indonesia. In addition, Indonesia also has small islands such as Bali, Karimunjawa, Gili and Lombok which are both local and international tourist destinations. Indonesia's capital city is Jakarta, which is located on Java Island.
Viewed in a geographical sense, the Indonesian
archipelago is located between 5 ° 54 ′ 08 "North longitude up to 11 ° 08 ′ 20" South longitude and 95 ° 00 ' 38 "to 141 ° 01 ' 12" East longitude. Some islands are located in the equator. Therefore, day and night have almost the same time, which is 12 hours. On the basis of a wide geographical location, Indonesian territory is divided into 3 time zones namely WIB (Indonesia West time), WITA (central Indonesia time) and WIT (Eastern Indonesia time). From one island to another there can be a time difference of up to 8 hours.
In addition to the beautiful islands, the tropical climate that Indonesia has also made Indonesia a major tourist destination. The best time to travel to Indonesia is in summer that lasts from April to October. The months of March and November are changing seasons. At the turn of the season, weather in Indonesia can be erratic. Rain, hot sun and dense winds can come together in one day. In the meantime, the rainy season usually lasts from December to March.
"Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" meaning "variegated but one" is the national logo of the Republic of Indonesia. This Logo describes the Indonesian people who have a compound but still one, is also the position of the life of Indonesian society. As of 2016, Indonesian citizens are estimated to be 250 million. Indonesia is a country with the 4th largest population in the world after China, India, and America (Source: Statista.de, 2016). Indonesian people consist of about 300 tribes, such as Javanese, Sundanese, Batak, Chinese, Dayak, and Papua. Each tribe has its own dialect. In total, there are more than 360 dialects that enrich Indonesian culture. Nevertheless, “the Indonesian language" is the national language that is also the Unity nation of Indonesia. English is the international language is also a language that is often used in Indonesia. English is included in the elementary school curriculum in Indonesia and is a business language. In addition, Indonesia also has diversity in religious life. Most of the Indonesian population embraced Islam. Less than 10% of Indonesians are divided into several religious groups such as Roman Catholicism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Some of the Indonesian people also still embrace traditional religions such as Kejawen which is often found in Java island.

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